3. The two sides should abide by all existing agreements and protocols on China-India border issues, genuine peace and tranquility in border areas, and avoid any measures that could aggravate the situation. It reaffirms the process of dialogue, withdrawal and de-escalation of the situation. • The 1993 Peace and Tranquillity Agreement forms the basis for all subsequent agreements. After a two-and-a-half-hour meeting overnight in Moscow, Foreign Minister S. Jaishankar and his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi said they had agreed on a five-point approach to reduce and reduce tensions along the Real Line of Control (LAC), where Indian and Chinese troops were involved in a four-and-a-half-month standoff. The language of the declaration is anointed and depends on many “ifs”, but the mere fact that a “joint” statement has been made is a plus: it is the first good news in a week when it seemed that India and China were heading for an armed confrontation in the Pangong Tso region. The five-point consensus between India and China is as follows: an hour later, India`s foreign ministry issued a “joint statement” outlining five points of agreement reached by the two foreign ministers after an “open and constructive” two-and-a-half-hour discussion. Foreign Minister S Jaishankar and his Chinese counterpart had a nearly two-hour discussion during which they reached a “five-point consensus” to reduce current border tensions.
The Indian delegation also included the Indian envoy to China, Vikram Misri. Jaishankar stressed the need for a “complete withdrawal” of troops to all remote points in order to avoid future “undesirable incidents”. He also stated that “the final arrangement for the deployment of troops to their permanent posts and the gradualization of the process should be elaborated by the military commanders.” Additional agreements are not necessary. The point of contention is their implementation, as they have been violated by the People`s Liberation Army in pursuit of its “nibble and negotiate” strategy. In fact, all of these agreements have only helped China consolidate its claims over a period of time by waging a “bulletless” war. Following the meeting of the Indian and Chinese foreign ministers in Moscow, the two countries announced that they had reached five points of consensus, including instructions to border forces to continue dialogue, withdraw quickly and maintain their distance, as well as the need for further confidence-building measures. He told Wang Yi that the Chinese side “did not give a credible explanation for this operation. The provocative behavior of China`s frontline forces in the face of numerous frictional losses along the LAC has also shown contempt for bilateral agreements and protocols. China was the first in the bloc to issue a press release on the meeting. “The two sides reached a five-point consensus on the current situation after a thorough and thorough discussion,” the Chinese Foreign Ministry`s reading reads. M. Wang mentions other topics of conversation, including the need to “ensure the stability of general relations and maintain mutual trust,” even as the border situation becomes difficult.
Wang stressed that China and India need cooperation, not confrontation, given the rapid development of two major developing countries. and mutual trust, not mistrust. A day later, Wang Yi said at a press conference after a meeting with Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov that India and China were ready to ease tensions and expected the five-point agreement to be effectively implemented. But he reiterated China`s position – that the provocative actions were the “work of Indian personnel” and said the repetition of shooting incidents must stop and all personnel and equipment that have entered the border must be moved to defuse the situation. The five-point plan is as follows: follow the consensus between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Xi Jinping to “not allow differences to turn into disputes”, withdraw quickly to ease tensions, adhere to existing Indochinese border protocols and avoid escalation of measures, continue dialogue between special envoys, National Security Advisor Ajit Doval and Wang, as well as other mechanisms, and work towards new confidence-building measures. While the consensus document emphasized the dialogue and engagement aspect, sources told India Today that Dr. Jaishankar stressed the “strong concern about pooling Chinese troops with equipment along the Line of Real Control (LAC). The presence of such a large concentration of troops did not correspond to the 1993 and 1996 agreements and created focal points along the LAC. Although both sides have moved towards a rapid withdrawal, there is no clear mention in the five points of the final restoration of the status quo ante. “The Indian side has made it clear that it expects all agreements on border zone management to be fully respected and that it does not tolerate any attempt to unilaterally change the status quo. It was also pointed out that Indian troops have scrupulously followed all agreements and protocols to administer the border areas,” the sources said.
However, the five-point roadmap drawn up by S Jaishankar and Chinese Minister Wang Yi did not mention the “status quo ante”, namely the restoration of the former LAC state in April, before the start of the confrontation with China`s deployment of forces. Contradicting China`s claims, government sources said events in recent months “have inevitably affected bilateral relations.” In particular, India had pointed out that the mobilization of large numbers of PLA troops was responsible for the “hot spots along the LAC”. If the two sides follow the path of the five-point agreement, the next steps will be decided in the sixth round of high-level military talks, which are due to take place shortly. .